The first Military Coup D’etat happened in Nigerian on the 15th of January 1966, when some US-trained soldiers, who were led by Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu and Emmanuel Ifeajuna, successfully killed 22 Nigerians plus the Prime Minister of Nigeria, some senior politicians and also some of the high ranking Army officers. … Key personalities involved in Nigeria included then-Colonel Olusegun Obasanjo. Today is Nigerian Armed Forces Remembrance Day! [8] One result of the weak direction was that the Federals' three divisions fought independently, and competed for men and material. The Nigerian Army (NA) is the largest component of the Nigerian Armed Forces, and is responsible for land warfare operations. It is governed by the Nigerian Army Council (NAC). President Muhammadu Buhari has reacted to release of over 300 students who were abducted from Government Science Secondary School, Kankara, Katsina state. The Nigerian Navy command structure today consists of the Naval Headquarters based in Abuja, three operational commands with headquarters in Lagos and Calabar, and Bayelsa.one training commands with headquarters in Lagos but with training facilities spread all over Nigeria, five operational bases, five forward operational bases (with two more soon to come on stream), two dockyards located in Lagos and Port Harcourt and two fleets b… [39] Its overabundance of foreign suppliers, including Austria, Brazil, France, Germany, Italy, Sweden, Switzerland, Romania, Turkey, Ukraine, the former Soviet Union, the United States and the United Kingdom, has also complicated logistics. Currently, there are over 200,000 soldiers of various ranks. Nigeria is passing through difficult times compounded by deadly conflict involving many armed organisations, including herder-allied groups, insurgency, banditry, criminal … [30] Smaller army forces had previously carried out UN and ECOWAS deployments in the former Yugoslavia, Angola, Rwanda, Somalia, and Sierra Leone.[31]. States like Kaduna, Oyo (Ibadan), … … It was formerly marked on 11 November of every year to coincide with the Remembrance Day (Poppy Day) for the World War II veterans in the British Commonwealth of Nations, but it was changed to 15 January of every year in Nigeria in … Lagos and Abuja have garrison commands, with the Lagos garrison as large as a division. General Buratai performs another Ground Breaking Ceremony of Army Reference Hospital, Maiduguri. They include: I. External deployments 1. This deployment formula was later abandoned in favour of the present assignment of sectors to the divisions. The Nigerian Army The Nigerian army was founded in the year 1900 and they were called the Royal West Africa Frontier Force, the army was formed in the second world war, the British trained Nigerian troops, the 81 st and the 82 nd West divisions fought … The Nigerian Army, vastly expanded during the war, is both the main support to the FMG and the chief threat to it. From a force of 8,000 in five infantry battalions and supporting units,[5] strength rose to around 120,000 in three divisions by the end of the Nigerian Civil War in 1970. Nigeria's military is the largest in West Africa, but is significantly less capable than its size and equipment inventory would indicate. The Army sponsors the Nigerian Military School at Zaria. The Nigerian VERY BRAVE and MOST GALLANT ARMY is a peace loving entity that ONLY FIGHT to keep the peace in Nigeriawide and ward away external evil forces trying to harm Nigeria … It is the largest branch of the Nigerian Armed Forces and is in charge of land military operations. The military forces are personnel or unit that protect a nation or a state from external or internal conflict. Defence economics 4. These armed forces took off officially after the country was granted independence in the year 1960. Nigeria military spending/defense budget for 2018 was $2.04B, a 26.02% increase from 2017. States like Kaduna, Oyo (Ibadan), … Nigeria military spending/defense budget for 2017 was $1.62B, a 5.92% decline from 2016. Insecurity in these states negatively impacts on the national economy resulting from sabotage by criminal entities within the region. The presidency said on Sunday the Nigerian military rescued the abducted students of Government Science School Kankara, Katsina State. At the end of the Civil War, the three divisions of the Army were reorganised into four divisions, with each controlling territories running from North to South in order to deemphasise the former regional structure. Nigerian military sees 'successes' Nigeria's director of defense information, Major General John Enenche, told VOA's Daybreak Africa on Thursday that the report is false and unfortunate. No prize for guessing; the first statement was issued by the Nigerian Chief of Army Staff, Lieutenant General Tukur Buratai, to the armed forces on November 3, 2020. Under-staffing. Nigeria military spending/defense budget for 2016 was $1.72B, a 16.57% decline from 2015. These are – the Navy, the Army and the Air force. They protect the … The Nigerian Navy (NN) is the sea branch of the Nigerian Armed Forces. The Nigerian Army (NA) is the largest component of the Nigerian Armed Forces, and is responsible for land warfare operations. The Nigerian Army was founded in 1960. Like in Ghana, there was significant pressure to "Nigerianize" the armed forces, with, for example, two officers being promoted to Brigadier as a concession to public opinion on the occasion of the last British commander arriving in Lagos. The Nigeria Police Force and troops have served in places like UNIPOM (UN India-Pakistan Observer mission) 1965, UNIFIL in Lebanon 1978, the UN observer mission, UNIIMOG supervising the Iran-Iraq ceasefire in 1988, former Yugoslavia 1998, East Timor 1999, and in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) 2004. Down to Africa, though Africa is a developing continent, most of the countries […] Armed forces personnel are active duty military personnel, including paramilitary forces if … It was formerly marked on 11 November of every year to coincide with the Remembrance Day (Poppy Day) for the World War II veterans in the British Commonwealth of Nations, but it was changed to 15 January of every year in Nigeria in … The Nigerian Army was founded in 1960. The Nigerian Army is responsible for the prevention of insurgency in the country. The Nigerian military rescued 344 of the boys who were kidnapped during an attack on the Government Science Secondary School Kankara in Katsina … Major formations include the 1st Division, the 2nd Division, the 3rd Armoured Division, 81st Division, 82nd Division, and newly formed 7th Division. It is governed by the Nigerian Army Council (NAC). 52 Signal Regiment may be the divisional signals unit. MAIDUGURI, Nigeria (Reuters) - The Nigerian military had located and exchanged fire with gunmen who kidnapped scores of secondary school students in northwestern Katsina state, according to a The Nigerian Army The Nigerian army was founded in the year 1900 and they were called the Royal West Africa Frontier Force, the army was formed in the second world war, the British trained Nigerian troops, the 81 st and the 82 nd West divisions fought … Nigeria's military is the largest in West Africa, but is significantly less capable than its size and equipment inventory would indicate. Following is a chronological list of officers holding the position of General Officer Commanding (GOC) or Chief of Army Staff (COAS). STATEMENT BY LIEUTENANT GENERAL TUKUR YUSUFU BURATAI NAM OMM(BR) GSS psc(+) ndc(BD) FCMH... Nigerian Army Official Website | Copyright © 2020, Department of Army Training and Operations, Army Transformation and Innovation Centre, NIGERIAN ARMY APPRECIATES KOGI STATE GOVERNMENT FOR OPENING UP ACCESS ROAD FROM KPOKPOLOBI TO UTTU FOREST, NIGERIAN ARMY FULLY SUPPORTS THE ONGOING RELOCATION OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS TO THEIR ANCESTRAL HOMES BY THE GOVERNMENT OF BORNO STATE, THE CHIEF OF ARMY STAFF COMMISSION LANDMARK PROJECTS IN 2 DIVISION AREA OF RESPONSIBILITY, GEN BURATAI AT ABOGO LARGEMA CANTONMENT BIU, COMMISSIONS WATER PROJECTS & INSPECTS RENOVATION WORKS, CHIEF OF ARMY STAFF COMMENDS COMMANDER AND GALLANT TROOPS OF 4 SPECIAL FORCES COMMAND FOR CLEARING KOGI AND NASARAWA STATES OF DARULSLAM/BOKO HARAM TERRORISTS’ CAMPS. By Joyce Matthew The year 2020 will be remembered as the year the Nigerian Army recorded its greatest onslaught so far against the evils of banditry, insurge. Others include the military police, intelligence, physical training, chaplains, public relations and band. Borno State Governor, Professor Babagana Zulum on Monday expressed disappointment over the Nigerian military’s failure to protect travellers plying the 20 kilometers distance of Auno to Jakana despite support from the federal and state government. [3] It bears the brunt of the nation's security challenges, notably the Boko Haram insurgency.[4]. It is the largest branch of the Nigerian Armed Forces and is in charge of land military operations. Nigeria is passing through difficult times compounded by deadly conflict involving many armed organisations, including herder-allied groups, insurgency, banditry, criminal … They have been well trained and properly motivated.” On the issue of detainees held elsewhere in the country by either terrorists or bandits, the President gave assurances that his administration is aware of its responsibility to … The Armed Forces know their job. The Nigerian Army fought the Civil War significantly under-resourced; Obasanjo's memoirs chronicle the lack of any stocks of extra equipment for mobilisation and the "haphazard and unreliable system of procurement and provisioning" which lasted for the entire period of the war. Writing in a 1984 study, Major Michael Stafford of the US Marine Corps noted that "Inexperienced, poorly trained and ineptly led soldiers manifested their lack of professionalism and indiscipline by massacres of innocent civilians and a failure to effectively execute infantry tactics. The Defence Headquarters has accused Amnesty International (AI) of blackmailing the Nigerian military in its recent report, accusing the military … [11] Arms embargoes imposed by several Western countries made the situation more difficult. Neville Brown, "The Nigerian Civil War," Military Review, vol. The influence of individual personalities is generally greater in the armies of developing states, as they tend to have weaker institutional frameworks. The first Military Coup D’etat happened in Nigerian on the 15th of January 1966, when some US-trained soldiers, who were led by Chukwuma Kaduna Nzeogwu and Emmanuel Ifeajuna, successfully killed 22 Nigerians plus the Prime Minister of Nigeria, some senior politicians and also some of the high ranking Army officers. Trending. Under-staffing. 1. FALSE: Allegation on Troops Involvement in fishing and farming activities in Baga Town. The Nigerian military and police are working to rescue hundreds of students who are believed to be missing after gunmen stormed a secondary school on Friday, according to officials. MAIDUGURI, Nigeria, (Reuters) — The Nigerian military engaged in a firefight Saturday with gunmen who had kidnapped scores of secondary school students in … Gutteridge, Military in African Politics, 1969, 97. The anti-colonial policy statement did not deter Nigeria under Generals Ibrahim Babangida in 1990 and Sani Abacha in 1997 from sending peacekeeping troops as part of ECOMOG under the auspices of ECOWAS into Liberia and later into Sierra Leone when civil wars broke out in those countries. It currently has over 6,000 officers and 150,000 soldiers. The Nigerian VERY BRAVE and MOST GALLANT ARMY is a peace loving entity that ONLY FIGHT to keep the peace in Nigeriawide and ward away external evil forces trying to harm Nigeria … President Muhammadu Buhari, on Thursday, said the breakthrough of the Nigerian Military against Boko Haram insurgents in the North-Eastern States of Nigeria, es The president stated this on Thursday during the Induction Ceremony of MI-171 Combat Helicopter And Commissioning Of Reactivated L-39ZA Aircraft by the Nigerian Air Force. Unfortunately, the AI is quick to transpose its stymied notions of Nigeria’s past on its Armed Forces. Order of battle 2. PRESS RELEASE: NIGERIAN ARMY DAY CELEBRATION 2018, NAOWA ENROLLS WIDOWS FOR SKILLS ACQUISITION, Your husbands have made us proud -Taraba State Governor    Â, COAS Statement on the occasion of the International Human Rights Day 2017, LIEUTENANT GENERAL BURATAI, NIGERIAN ARMY BAG AWARDS OF EXCELLENCE IN LONDON, DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL MILITARY AFFAIRS HOLDS HUMAN RIGHTS WORKSHOP IN MONGUNO, PHOTO NEWS: Munich Security Conference 2017, NIGERIAN CONTINGENT HOLDS EXERCISE THUNDERSTORM, TEXT OF LIVE MEDIA BRIEFING BY MAJ GEN LEO IRABOR THEATRE COMMANDER OPERATION LAFIYA DOLE, Army Debunks AI Allegations on Killing of 640 Boko Haram Suspects, CYBER WARFARE AND NATIONAL SECURITY by Ikeri Fredrick, Social Media and Governance in Nigeria by Ikeri Fredrick. The Nigerian military rescued the 344 boys who had been kidnapped last week during an attack on the Government Science Secondary School in … The Nigerian military rescued 344 of the boys who were kidnapped during an attack on the Government Science Secondary School Kankara in Katsina … [39], Land warfare branch of Nigeria's military. Admin Jun 29, 2018. Nigerian Armed Forces Index 1. Today is Nigerian Armed Forces Remembrance Day! The Nigerian Army (NA) is the land branch of the Nigerian Armed Forces and the largest among the armed forces. [24], The government and military chiefs, working with the National Assembly, civil society and international partners, need to do much more: implement comprehensive defense sector reform, including clear identification of security challenges; a new defense and security policy and structure to address them; and drastic improvement in leadership, oversight, administration and accountability across the sector. [19] The division includes a combat motorcycle unit as part of its 25th Task Force Brigade. This resulted in tentative command-and-control and in rudimentary staff work. Nigeria claimed to have contributed more than twenty thousand troops and police officers to various UN missions since 1960. The Composite Division at Enugu was formed in 1964 as 4 Division, in 1975 became Lagos Garrison Organization; in 1981 became 4 Composite Division; became a Composite Division in May 2002. [22] Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC) located in Minna is responsible for doctrinal, training and combat development, and supervises training centers. The 7th Division (also known as JTF-RO) was established in August 2013 for the war against Boko Haram. We think Gowon will have great difficulty in staying in office through the period which he said is necessary before the turnover of power to civilians. The Defence Headquarters has accused Amnesty International (AI) of blackmailing the Nigerian military in its recent report, accusing the military … Overview 3. These are – the Navy, the Army and the Air force. In Nigeria, there are three major armed forces in the military. [6] In terms of doctrine, the task of the Federal Nigerian army did not fundamentally change: its task remained to close with and defeat an organized enemy. It bears the brunt of the nation's security challenges, notably the Boko Haram insurgency. Navy. The students, who … No prize for guessing; the first statement was issued by the Nigerian Chief of Army Staff, Lieutenant General Tukur Buratai, to the armed forces on November 3, 2020. Nigeria military spending/defense budget for 2018 was $2.04B, a 26.02% increase from 2017. The Nigerian military had located and exchanged fire with gunmen who kidnapped scores of secondary school students in northwestern Katsina … “There was a kind of confusion that led to the isolated cases of human rights abuses by the Nigerian Army and some of the armed forces. Nigerian Military was created in 1956, from the then Royal West African Frontier Force, which was formed by the British Colonial Office. Nigeria threat report 5. They include: I. The Nigerian Army is responsible for the prevention of insurgency in the country. [7] The Nigerian expansion process led to an extreme shortage of commissioned officers, with newly created lieutenant-colonels commanding brigades, and platoons and companies often commanded by sergeants and warrant officers. Nigerian Military was created in 1956, from the then Royal West African Frontier Force, which was formed by the British Colonial Office. The Nigerian Armed Forces are the Armed Forces of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.Its origins lie in the elements of the Royal West African Frontier Force that became Nigerian when independence was granted in 1960. US special operations forces on Saturday rescued an American citizen taken hostage by armed men earlier this week in Niger and held in northern Nigeria, the Pentagon said. The Nigerian military had located and exchanged fire with gunmen who kidnapped scores of secondary school students in northwestern Katsina … The troops are poorly trained and disciplined and some of the officers are turning to conspiracies and plotting. [17] However a later undated article in a Nigerian online newspaper says the 81st Division was later again renamed the Lagos Garrison Command. According to Furnad, the troops have so far dealt with these armed groups using minimum or no […] Almost every nation in the globe, has a military force that will protect the country and the lives and property in the Nation. The Nigerian Army is governed by the Nigerian Army Council (NAC). There are also Divisional Artillery Brigades, among which are the 32 and 34 Artillery Brigades,[18] ordnance corps units as well as Combat Engineer Regiments, and many other service support units spread across the country. … The original elements of the Royal West African Frontier Force (RWAFF) in Nigeria were formed in 1900. Anglophone members of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) established ECOMOG, dominated by the Nigerian Army, in 1990 to intervene in the civil war in Liberia. President Olusegun Obasanjo in August 2003 committed Nigerian troops once again into Liberia,[32] at the urging of the United States, to provide an interim presence until the UN's force UNMIL arrived. [14] 81st Division (Amphibious) HQ in Lagos, which includes the 9 Brigade, based at Ikeja Cantonment in northern Lagos, 82nd Division (Airborne and Amphibious) HQ in Enugu in the South-East, which includes the 2 Brigade at Port Harcourt, 13 Brigade at Calabar and the 34th Artillery Brigade at Obinze/Owerri. The Nigerian Army will mark this year’s Nigerian Army Day Celebration (NADCEL) from 29 … However, we stood up against it … They protect the … The military is grossly understaffed. In Nigeria, Armed Forces Day, also known as Remembrance Day, is celebrated on 15 January. Thus 1 Division with HQ at Kaduna is allocated the North West sector; 2 Division with HQ at Ibadan South West sector, 3 Division with HQ at Jos North East sector and 82 Division with HQ at Enugu South East sector. Nigerian authorities still have an obligation to conduct genuine investigations into allegations of war crimes and crimes against humanity, including by its own military. The military is grossly understaffed. In the first week of December, when 43 rice farmers were killed in the little town of Zabarmari, Borno State; the state governor, Prof. Babagana Umara Zulum betrayed his rare side when he acknowledged that the attack is only a setback that should not be used to asses the efforts of the President Muhammadu Buhari […] It is unwilling to report the advances in human rights culture of the Nigerian Army. The FMG is neither very efficient nor dynamic, but the recent announcement that it intends to retain power for six more years has generated little opposition so far. The Division will cover the Army's 2 Brigade Akwa Ibom; 16 Brigade Bayelsa and 63rd Brigade in Delta, respectively, with divisional headquarters in Port Harcourt. BANDITRY/INSECURITY IN NIGERIA: EMIR OF DAURA APPLAUDS NIGERIAN ARMY, OTHER SECURITY AGENCIES, CHIEF OF ARMY STAFF LT GEN TY BURATAI RELOCATES TO THE NORTH EAST, NIGERIAN ARMY APPROVES NEW POSTINGS AND APPOINTMENTS, COAS SPEECH AT LAUNCHING OF THE NIGERIAN ARMY SECURE INFORMATION PLATFORM, TROOPS OF OPERATION LAFIYA DOLE DEALT ANOTHER DECISIVE BLOW ON BOKO HARAM TERRORISTS THAT ATTEMPTED TO ATTACK ASKIRA UBA, PRESS BRIEFING ON THE ACTIVITIES OF OPERATION SAHEL SANITY, NIGERIAN ARMY SHORT SERVICE COMBATANT 47/2021 AND DIRECT SHORT SERVICE COMMISSION 26/2021 PRE-SELECTION EXAMINATION SCHEDULED FOR 14 NOVEMBER 2020, Gen Buratai Tours Command Engineering Depot Kaduna, EXERCISE CROCODILE SMILE VI HAS NOTHING TO DO WITH ENDSARS PROTEST WHATSOEVER, NIGERIAN ARMY SETS TO COMMENCE EXERCISE CROCODILE SMILE VI NATION WIDE, LT GEN TY BURATAI COMMENDS ZAMFARA STATE GOVERNOR FOR ESTABLISHING RUGA SETTLEMENT, COAS COMMENDS DG DICON & STAFF FOR VISIBLE TRANSFORMATION, TROOPS OF OPERATION LAFIYA DOLE SUSTAIN THEIR ONSLAUGHT AGAINST BOKO HARAM/ISWAP CRIMINALS ACROSS THE NORTH-EAST, ANOTHER FAILED INVASION ATTEMPT AS OPERATION LAFIYA DOLE TROOPS OBLITERATE MARAUDING BOKO HARAM TERRORISTS IN DAMBOA, TROOPS REPEL TERRORISTS ATTACK ON MICHIKA IN ADAMAWA STATE, OPERATION YANCIN TAFKI UPDATE: BOKO HARAM SUFFER MORE LOSSES, OPENING ADDRESS BY LT GEN TY BURATAI CHIEF OF ARMY STAFF ON THE OCCASION OF THE COAS FIRST QUARTER CONFERENCE IN ABUJA ON 10 APRIL 2018, OPERATION CROCODILE SMILE II IN TOP GEAR IN THE NIGER DELTA, OPERATION SHARAN DAJI: PARTICIPANTS OF ARMY WAR COLLEGE VISITS ZAMFARA STATE. It supervises the Army's schools, including the Depot. Presently, it has less than 120,000 personnel in … This arrangement will help to curtail activities of militants, banditry, inter-communal clashes, illegal bunkering, kidnapping, robberies, Niger Delta Avengers and pipeline vandalism prevalent in the area. The Chief of Army Staff, Lieutenant General Tukur Yusufu Buratai yesterday, Monday, 14 September 2020 commissioned some landmark Special Intervention Projects in Osun... 1. General Yakubu Gowon, head of the Federal Military Government (FMG) is the accepted national leader and his popularity has grown since the end of the war. [20] Training and Doctrine Command formed in 1981, and is located at Minna. PRESS RELEASE: NIGERIAN ARMY DAY CELEBRATION 2018. In Nigeria, Armed Forces Day, also known as Remembrance Day, is celebrated on 15 January. Nigeria military spending/defense budget for 2016 was $1.72B, a 16.57% decline from 2015. Each division thus had access to the sea thereby making triservice cooperation and logistic support easier. The Nigerian military has made some disclosures on how it carried out the rescue operation of the three hundred forty-four (344) boys kidnapped from their school in … External deployments 1. Defence economics 4. Igboland is an overpopulated, economically depressed area where massive unemployment is likely to continue for many years. The Nigerian Bar Association, on Wednesday, condemned the shooting and killing of #EndSARS protesters at the Lekki tollgate, in Lagos, by unidentified men of the Nigerian Military.While describing the action as reckless and lawless, the NBA vowed to “immediately commence legal proceedings at a Tauris, 1997, p. 174, via, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Economic Community of West African States, African-led International Support Mission to Mali, https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/africa/the-nigerian-military-is-so-broken-its-soldiers-are-refusing-to-fight/2015/05/06/d56fabac-dcae-11e4-b6d7-b9bc8acf16f7_story.html, http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/library/report/1984/SMR.htm, Army chief decries military's involvement in politics, "Nigerian Army Inducts Combat Motorbikes Battalion To Fight Boko Haram", "Why we created new Nigerian Army division in Niger Delta - Major General - Premium Times Nigeria", "Nigeria: Army Council Approves 8 Division for Sokoto", "Nigeria: The Challenge of Military Reform", "Waging War to Keep the Peace: The ECOMOG Intervention and Human Rights (Human Rights Watch Report, June 1993)", "BBC NEWS | Africa | Rwandan soldiers arrive in Sudan", "Nigeria expends N7bn on troops, logistics to Mali - Jonathan - Vanguard News", "U.S., Africa say Mali action counters growing Islamist threat", "NThreats, Military Expenditure and National Security: Analysis of Trends in Nigeria's Defence Planning, 1970 - 1990", "Nigerian Army Uses Trump's Words to Justify Fatal Shooting of Rock-Throwing Protesters", Federal Investigation and Intelligence Bureau, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Nigerian_Army&oldid=994004690, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from May 2020, Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from May 2020, All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify, Cleanup tagged articles with a reason field from July 2015, Wikipedia pages needing cleanup from July 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 17:28. 81st Division was previously the youngest division, formed on 26 May 2002 when the Lagos Garrison Command (as it then was) was upgraded to divisional status. The Nigerian Army will mark this year’s Nigerian Army Day Celebration (NADCEL) from 29 June – 7 July 2018 at Monguno Borno State. This branch of the armed forces deals with land operations. Charles Taylor was subsequently eased out of power by U.S. pressure[33] and exiled to Nigeria. So far, the Nigerian military has engaged herself in just one warfare which is the Nigerian Civil war which broke out in 1967. [28], The following are installations owned by the Nigerian Army:[29], In December 1983 the new régime of the Head of State of Nigeria, Major General Muhammadu Buhari, announced that Nigeria could no longer afford an activist anti-colonial role in Africa. Review, vol 25th Task force Brigade a state from external or internal.! Deals with land operations 200,000 soldiers of various ranks security of areas Chad! Bordering Chad. [ 16 ] [ 4 ] farming activities in Town..., Nigerian troops were deployed into Darfur, Sudan to spearhead an African Union force protect! 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